Mumijo - historical background

This is an excerpt from a larger publication:

 A. Sch. Schakirov , MD, Dieter Beenen, ND -  translation from Russian 2001)

Mumijo in complex therapy of the bone fractures

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Uzbek Scientific Institute of the Traumatology and Orthopedy, University of Tashkent


Studies of the Eastern medical literature in the libraries of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Academy for Science of the Uzbek Republic, Eastern departments of religious studies for Central Asia and Kazakhstan, libraries of Moscow, Dushanbe, Baku – all prove the fact that Mumijo was a wide spread cure in Central Asia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, India, China and other eastern countries. 

 More than seventy sources (treatises, health books) were discovered with reports on highly effective curative effects of the Mumijo. There is handwriting in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Chinese, Indian, Azerbaijani  languages from authors involved in the medical profession. The handwriting originates from India, Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan and other countries. 

 The medical profession still regards Mumijo as a universal remedy with particularly high effectiveness for the treatment of bone fractures. There is prevailing opinion of people of the East that Mumijo cures many illnesses and promotes bone healing.  

 This opinion of the Mumijo’s curative properties can be found in many works of poetry and other literary forms.

The term Mumijo, according to opinion of Muhammad Azam han Mustafa Abadi and Abdul Mumin Muhammad Mumin Hussein - Persian writers and Dawud Ad-Darira Antaki - Arab writer, means "the body-receiving". Beruni reported that the name Mumijo might have been derived from a cave in Iran, called Abin, where the Mumijo was found - (' Mum Abin '), which meant Wax from Abin. 

 Mumijo is known by different names in different regions. In Burma it is known under the name ' Tschao Tui ' (blood of the mountain), in Mongolia and Tibet -' Brag Schun ' (juice of the mountain), in Turkmenien ' Mumnogai ', in Tadschikistan ' Sogh ', ' Asil ', ' Kiaem ', in Iran ' Darabi ', in India ' Schaladschid, in Buratien ' Barachschin ' (rock oil) etc..

 Ibn Baitar, in its work ' collection of simple medicines ', wrote the following about Mumijo: "it is in the country Ablonia, which borders with Akandrion (probably Alexandria) and is found in mountains. It is a  liquid converted into pitch, mixed with the mountain sweat ". 

The Eastern nations of Usbeken used the term ' Mumijo Asil ' which meant' genuine Mumijo ' since ancient times.

 There are many legends and stories about Mumijo, it is also mentioned in poetry works:

 The Arab poet Muhammad Hussein wrote 1862:


 As long as humans are not in emergency,

He does not learn his friend to estimate,

But the broken bone of humans

Mumijo will always appreciate.   



Mawlawi Chadi Ali (1894), in his book in Persian language, quotes the poet Mirza Muhammad Ali Mirza Hussein Ogly:


If you want to reach Deins,

Break you,

Mumijo saves you.  


With the poet Muhammad Salich gives it such lines:


Extraordinary humans of India

Posses a means the dear diseases to heal.

This cure - black Mumijo.


It is also reflected in the poetry of the last century. The Usbeki poet Chamza Chakim Zade wrote:


 If the glass of your heart breaks,

It will never be whole,

Because the heart is no bone

The Mumijo can heal! 


 Beruni also wrote the following: "Abu Hanifa reports the fact that the bees cement their honey with wax and cover this with a black, sharply smelling material, that resembles wax. This material is one of the most effective means against bruises and injuries; it is very expensive and in Persian is called' Mumija '

 The description characteristics of Mumijo as a cure are identical in nearly all sources. Mumijo "gives strength to the whole body and particularly the heart", normalizes "the functions in the internal and external organs", "decreases the humidity of the body", strengthens the activity of the sex organs, "opens blockages", destroys congestions, heals paralyses, cramps, helps with poisoning, scorpion bites, stomach illnesses, blood problems, ulcers, favours a fast bone healing and helps with illnesses of the joints.

 The English physician Robert James (18th century) included Mumijo into his Pharmakopoee and described it as black, shining, resin-like means with  bitter taste and pleasant smell.